Friday, January 13, 2017

Update from Farm-Team: Power regulation of the sensor nodes

Thinking about power

Our aim is to produce an independent power solar battery system for our nodes and our main hub. Further goals are longevity, durability and reliability of core system functionality and low and simple maintenance requirements. Furthermore, ease in pairing nodes to main hub via RFID and firmware updates over the air are subjects that we are also researching.

Starting with the sensor node:
Sensor nodes should be very cheap as they should allow farmers in 3rd world countries to scale up if the farm area is bigger than a hector. In that case a repeater node will be required.

We decided to go with the Arduino Pro Mini (3,3V 8MHz version as main) controller due to its low power consumption. On the transceiver side, we decided to first test the modules available on the market and to choose later. The sensor node in operational mode be powered only 4 times a day an sleep most of the time if not instructed otherwise (update/pairing mode).

Global sunlight

What we know:
-        Worst case 4 Hours of bad sunlight a day.
-        Battery may not overcharge or -discharge

Power consumers to 3:
1.      Tx/Rx module with about 20mA in sleep up to 300mA on sending
2.      Hygrometer, not a lot but constant about 8mA
3.      Board, could sleep
And if the board is sleeping we eliminate 1. and 2.  

After some research into similar projects (links below) we learned that rechargeable batteries differ in many ways. We decided to try two battery types. NiMh and LIon. From further research, we were able to determine the sort of solar panel we need (5~6V with 100mA).

Comparison of rechargeable battery types 


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